Deduction

Premiss: Rule (Given the rule.)
Premiss: Case (Given the cause.)
Outcome: Fact (Find the effect.)

Induction

Premiss: Case (Given the cause.)
Premiss: Fact (Given the effect.)
Outcome: Rule (Find the rule.)

Abduction

The logic of what could be.
Premiss: Fact (Given the effect.)
Premiss: Rule (Given the rule.)
Outcome: Case (Find the cause.)

References

Deduction, Induction and Abduction in Academic Writing
Deduction, Abduction & Induction...
Induction? Deduction? No! Abduction!
On Abduction, Deduction, Induction and the Categories